Appendix ľ Grit Scale for Perseverance and Passion for Long-Term Goals

 

Table A1

Number of respondents for grit items and criterion variables by country

Country

N grit

and

 

 

 

 

 

N competence score

N level of education1

N occupational status1

N income1

Austria

395

388

324

327

163

Belgium

367

359

334

337

181

Chile

245

224

186

186

71

Cyprus

363

353

307

309

149

Czech Republic

376

362

299

299

140

Denmark

356

349

284

287

203

Estonia

351

346

272

272

173

Finland

296

257

223

224

143

France

563

499

478

490

254

Germany

371

368

319

325

199

Ireland

232

223

187

188

88

Italy

285

278

254

256

107

Japan

447

429

420

420

270

Korea

430

384

382

382

173

Netherlands

366

347

305

306

177

Norway

311

296

251

255

205

Poland

399

272

341

339

114

Portugal2

11

10

11

11

6

Spain

290

281

233

243

105

Sweden

305

293

67

257

187

United Kingdom

343

319

0

291

151

Across all countries

7,102

6,637

5477

6004

3259

Note. 1 Only respondents who completed their education. 2 Excluded from further analyses due to small sample size.

 


 

Table A2

Item intercepts based on the metric invariance model (with acquiescence)

Country

Item 1

Item 2

Item 3

Item 4

Item 5

Item 6

Item 7

Item 8

Item 9

Austria

3.77

2.10

3.99

3.65

2.41

3.40

4.30

1.96

1.79

Belgium

4.11

2.14

4.00

3.74

2.23

3.77

4.26

2.05

1.67

Chile

4.13

2.34

4.27

4.52

2.54

3.59

4.40

2.23

2.11

Cyprus

3.77

2.39

4.11

3.87

2.51

3.65

4.26

2.13

1.73

Czech Republic

3.81

2.84

3.80

4.08

2.67

3.42

4.07

2.56

2.04

Denmark

4.01

2.36

3.91

3.93

2.81

3.29

3.92

2.24

1.95

Estonia

3.84

2.63

3.70

3.71

2.87

3.44

3.84

2.40

1.96

Finland

4.21

2.97

3.80

4.30

2.72

3.50

4.35

2.54

2.02

France

4.00

2.14

3.74

3.90

2.43

3.50

3.95

2.20

1.97

Germany

3.77

2.08

3.92

3.30

2.35

3.47

4.24

2.06

1.82

Ireland

4.10

2.59

3.81

3.79

2.58

3.11

3.94

2.26

1.97

Italy

4.00

2.27

4.00

3.78

2.48

3.33

3.86

2.04

1.97

Japan

3.11

2.85

2.60

2.99

2.45

2.89

3.44

2.13

2.21

Korea

3.64

2.26

3.54

3.53

2.35

3.35

3.84

2.12

1.98

Netherlands

4.02

2.12

3.84

3.56

2.16

3.58

3.92

2.05

1.96

Norway

3.88

2.40

3.88

3.95

2.83

3.33

3.79

2.16

1.96

Poland

4.10

2.35

3.96

3.96

2.51

3.34

3.98

2.24

1.80

Spain

4.17

2.24

3.97

4.19

2.45

3.31

3.97

2.03

1.89

Sweden

3.91

2.44

3.93

3.93

2.80

3.32

4.06

2.37

1.96

United Kingdom

4.25

2.65

3.88

3.76

2.54

3.23

4.02

2.24

2.03

Mean

3.93

2.41

3.83

3.82

2.53

3.39

4.02

2.20

1.94

Variance

0.07

0.07

0.11

0.11

0.04

0.04

0.05

0.03

0.02